By Mahdavi Nasim 

While Hassan Rouhani president of the regime, claims to be a reformist and freedom lover, some of his cabinet members, and those who are now in power, participated in the massacre of political prisoners in the 1980s

The massacre of political prisoners took place in the summer of 1988, just a few weeks after the end of the eight-year Iran-Iraq war. Scaring of the fate of his regime after insisting on a eight-year bloody, defeated war, Khomeini ordered to formation of a delegation (known as the Death committee) to massacre the political prisoners, to keep his feeble regime standing alive. The task of this staff was asking three key questions regarding the political opinion of prisoners. The political activists who had stood firm on their believes for freedom and democracy, were sentenced to go to the gallows.

Therefore, Ruhollah Khomeini must be introduce as the main culprit of crime who, by a decree to the judicial authorities, said:

In the Name of God,  the Compassionate, the Merciful,  As the treacherous Monafeqin [Mojahedin] MEK\PMOI do not believe in Islam and what they say is out of deception and hypocrisy, and as their leaders have confessed that they have become renegades, and as they are waging war on God, and as they are engaging in classical warfare in the western, the northern and the southern fronts, and as they are collaborating with the Baathist Party of Iraq and spying for Saddam against our Muslim nation, and as they are tied to the World Arrogance, and in light of their cowardly blows to the Islamic Republic since its inception, it is decreed that those who are in prisons throughout the country and remain steadfast in their support for the Monafeqin [Mojahedin PMOI/ MEK], are waging war on God and are condemned to execution.

The task of implementing the decree in Tehran is entrusted to Hojjatol-Islam Nayyeri, the religious judge, Mr. Eshraqi, the Tehran prosecutor, and a representative of the Intelligence Ministry. Even though a unanimous decision is better, the view of a majority of the three must prevail. In prisons in the provinces, the views of a majority of a trio consisting of the religious judge, the revolutionary prosecutor, and the Intelligence Ministry representative must be obeyed. It is naive to show mercy to those who wage war on God. The decisive way in which Islam treats the enemies of God is among the unquestionable tenets of the Islamic regime. I hope that with your revolutionary rage and vengeance toward the enemies of Islam, you would achieve the satisfaction of the Almighty God. Those who are making the decisions must not hesitate, nor show any doubt or be concerned with details. They must try to be “most ferocious against infidels.” To have doubts about the judicial matters of revolutionary Islam is to ignore the pure blood of martyrs.

Ruhollah Moussavi Khomeini

After the decree was issued, a three-member delegation consisting of the representatives of the Prosecuting General, the Ministry of Intelligence, and the legitimate Judge were assigned to investigate the case and carry out the sentence. The legitimate Judge, Hossein Ali Nayeri; the representative of the Ministry of Intelligence, Mostafa Pourmohammadi; the deputy of Tehran Prosecutor, Ebrahim Raisi; and the Judge of Evin Prison, Morteza Eshragh; are those responsible for investigating the case of the Mujahedins in the prison. Moreover, the Chief of the Supreme Court, Mousavi Ardabili, and the Attorney-General of Iran, Mousavi Khou'iniha, also participated in making the decisions.

The more accurate information provided of these people, who later were the ministers of the former governments or who are now either ministers or as top officials of the Iranian regime, are as follows:

First, the Death committee:

Name: Ebrahim
Last Name: Raissi

POSITION IN 1988:
Deputy to the Tehran Prosecutor and influential member of "death committee" in Tehran

CURRENT POSITION:
the current custodian and chairman of Astan Quds Razavi

On 6 April 2017, Raisi announced his official nomination for the upcoming presidential election

OTHER POSITIONS:
President of Tehran's Islamic Revolutionary Court for Political Groups

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:
1- Raissi was one of the most influential members of the "death committee" in Tehran and along with its other members was responsible for the execution of at least 10,000 political prisoners in Tehran

OTHER CHARGES:

1- As the President of the Tehran Revolutionary Court for Political Groups, Raissi has been involved in the arrest, torture, and execution of members and supporters of political groups, especially the Mojahedin

REMARKS:

Many individuals who were in prison during the massacre and closely witnessed Raissi's role are ready to serve as witnesses and testify in an international court. Similarly, many former members of the Intelligence Ministry and former employees of Evin prison are ready to serve as eyewitnesses and testify in an international court.

Name: Mostafa
Family Name: Pourmohammadi

POSITION IN 1988:
Deputy Minister of Intelligence and member of the "death committee" in Tehran

CURRENT POSITION:
National Security Advisor to the Supreme Leader

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:

1- Representative of the Ministry of Intelligence in the central "death committee "in Tehran

2- The principal figure behind the execution of at least 10,000 political prisoners in the massacre

OTHER CHARGES:

1- For 13 years, he consistently held high positions in the Ministry of Intelligence .From 1989 through 1997, he was Deputy Minister of Intelligence under Fallahian .During this period, Pourmohammadi played a direct role in the arrest, torture and murder of thousands of political prisoners. And he was a member of the so-called "death committee", deciding on the fate of life and death of political prisoners.

2-He was one of the key masterminds of a chain of political assassinations in and outside Iran.

3- Pourmohammadi played an instrumental role in dozens of murders involving dissidents and intellectuals in Iran throughout the 1990s. Among the victims was his own cousin, Mrs. Ashraf-os-Sadat Borghei, who was killed at her home in Qom in March 1996. Emadoddin Baghi, a journalist who was later jailed for his revelations, wrote in Fat'h newspaper on January 29, 2000: "The murderers of Mrs. Borghei put the house on fire to make it look like a fire and conceal their crime. Deputy Intelligence Minister Mostafa Pourmohammadi, who was the cousin of Mrs. Borghei, was at a house near the scene of the crime, together with Intelligence Minister Ali Fallahian." Baghi later revealed a letter from Borghei's husband in which he accused Pourmohammadi of killing his wife. Mrs. Borghei was working for the Intelligence Ministry.

 Also He was the Minister of Justice in Hassan Rouhani cabinet and from 2005 to 2008 was the Minister of Interior in the first cabinet of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Name: Morteza
Last Name: Eshraghi

POSITION IN 1988:
Tehran Prosecutor and chair of the death committee in Tehran

CURRENT POSITION:
Justice of the Supreme Court

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:

1- The Chief Prosecutor of Tehran and the head of the death committee in Tehran .He was appointed by Khomeini

2- Along with other members of the death committee, Eshraghi is responsible for issuing execution verdicts for at least 10,000 political prisoners during the massacre.

REMARKS:

Many individuals who were in prison during the massacre and closely witnessed Eshraghi's role are ready to serve as witnesses and testify in an international court.

Similarly, several former members of the Intelligence Ministry and former employees of Evin prison are ready to serve as eyewitness and testify in an international court. One of these witnesses personally attended a meeting at which the procedures for implementing Khomeini's order were discussed.

The names of other criminals who involved in the massacre of political prisoners

Name: Ali

Family Name: Khamenei

POSITION IN 1988: President

CURRENT POSITION: Vali-e Faqih (Supreme Leader)

OTHER POSITIONS:

1 Member, Revolutionary Council

2 President, two terms for a total of eight years

3 Supreme Leader since 1989

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:

1 Khamenei was present in the meeting where Khomeini ordered the massacre .Khamenei strongly supported Khomeini's order and persistently defended the fatwa when international condemnation mounted.

2 As President and the highest ranking executive authority in 1988, Khamenei bears primary responsibility for the massacre. As President, he allowed unlimited governmental resources to be used in implementing Khomeini's order.

3 Khamenei has since been actively involved in preventing the exposure of the carnage. In order to protect the "interests of the system" after the 1988 massacre and keep the crimes against humanity from being exposed, he prevented the UNHRC Special Representative from visiting Iran (reported by the regime's radio on December 6, 1988).

PUBLIC STATEMENTS:

Khamenei acknowledged his responsibility and defended the massacre of political prisoners "With respect to executions, mass executions in Iran, ... have we banned capital punishment? No. We in the Islamic Republic have capital punishment for those who deserve to be executed. Do you think we should give sweets to a prisoner who has connections with the activities of the Monafeqin who attacked the Islamic Republic's borders? If his connection with that group is revealed, what should we do to him? He is condemned to execution and we will execute him. We do not joke with this" (Tehran radio, December 12, 1988.)

Name: Mohammad

Family Name: Khatami

POSITION IN 1988:

Minister of Islamic Guidance ,Director of Cultural Affairs at the General Command of the Armed Forces

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:

-1 Khatami participated in the session in which Khomeini, for the first time, discussed plans for the execution of all political prisoners.

-2 In governmental meetings, Khatami consistently opposed those worried about the social and international backlash of the massacre and strongly defended Khomeini's edict. As Minister of Guidance, he was responsible for suppressing any news of the massacre or criticism of it by various circles. As Ressalat and Iran News ,state-run dailies, reported: "This edict was issued and enforced when Mr.Khatami was Director of Cultural Affairs at the Armed Forces General Command and he resolutely defended Khomeini decision."

Name: Mohammad

Family Name: Moussavi Khoeiniha

POSITION IN 1988:

Chief Revolutionary Prosecutor

OTHER POSITIONS:

Leader of the "Students Following the Line of the Imam" who held American diplomats in Tehran hostage for 444 days

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:

-1 Khomeini personally assigned the task of implementing the fatwa for the massacre to Khoeiniha as Chief Revolutionary Prosecutor.

-2 In all "death committees" he had his own representatives who directly reported to him.

-3 He dismissed several local prosecutors who objected to the mass murders.

-4 From 1985 through 1988, as Chief Revolutionary Prosecutor, he was instrumental in the execution of thousands of people.

OTHER CHARGES:

-1 He and his deputy prosecutors issued at least 100,000 arrest warrants for dissidents. Most of the detainees were subjected to savage torture. Huge numbers were executed.

-2 He appointed special representatives in the Ministry of Intelligence and its departments throughout Iran in order to expedite the arrest and torture of political dissidents.

PUBLIC STATEMENTS:

Le Monde, March 1, 1989: "Imam Khomeini summoned Revolutionary Prosecutor Hojjatoleslam [Mohammad Moussavi] Khoeiniha and ordered him to treat all Mojahedin, in prison or elsewhere, as being at war with God and execute them summarily..."

First Name: Ali

Last Name: Fallahian

POSITION IN 1988:

Deputy Director of the Ministry of Intelligence

CURRENT POSITION:

Member of Assembly of Experts

OTHER POSITIONS:

Religious judge of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Abadan

Religious judge of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Kermanshah

Minister of Intelligence

Special Prosecutor

Deputy Chief Revolutionary Prosecutor

Head of the Armed Forces Counter-intelligence Organization

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:

In his position as deputy to Intelligence Minister Rayshahri, Fallahian played an active role in implementing Khomeini's orders. He appointed many of the Intelligence Ministry officials to the "death committees."

OTHER CHARGES:

-1 As the religious judge in several cities including Abadan and Kermanshah, he issued the execution order and imprisonment of several hundred people.

-2 In 1982, as the Deputy Chief of the Revolutionary Court, he coordinated the activities of the Tehran Revolutionary Court and the Central Committee and Revolutionary Guards Intelligence which led to the violent crackdown of 1982. ( Abrar Newspaper August 20, 1989). As a result of the regime's Revolutionary Guards' attack on the houses of Mojahedin members and supporters in Tehran, at least 60 were killed. The list of their names is available.

-3 In his position as the religious judge of the Islamic Revolutionary Court, he was able to discover and destroy Mojahedin's organization in Kermanshah and Khorassan provinces. ( Abrar, August 20, 1989) Fallahian signed the execution orders of many Mojahedin members and supporters in these two provinces.

-4 In his position as the Deputy Intelligence Minster, he was responsible for the training of terrorist teams operating outside Iran.

Name: Gholam-Hossein
Family Name: Mohseni Ezhei

POSITION IN 1988:
Special representative of the Chief Justice in the Ministry of Intelligence

CURRENT POSITION:

First Deputy Republican Judiciary

OTHER POSITIONS:

President of the Special Court for the Clergy since 1998

Spokesman for the judiciary
Judiciary's representative in the Ministry of Intelligence until 1995
President of Branch 3 of the Revolutionary Court
Deputy Revolutionary Prosecutor in Tehran
Religious judge of the State Employees Tribunal

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN 1988:

1- Mohseni Ezhei was a member of the top supervisory committee that under Intelligence Minister Rayshahri met in Evin Prison to oversee the progress of the implementation of Khomeini's fatwa. It was this committee that set down the procedures for the massacre before the executions began.

2- Mohseni Ezhei was present in Tehran's prisons throughout the period of the massacre and assisted the death committees as a religious judge and oversaw the executions.

OTHER CHARGES:

1- As the religious judge of the State Employees Tribunal, Mohseni Ezhei has issued thousands of verdicts for the dismissal, arrest and execution of dissident employees of the government

2- As the special representative of the judiciary in the Intelligence Ministry ,Mohseni Ezhei "facilitated" the unlawful acts of the Intelligence Ministry's agents by giving them authorization for murder and harassment of the citizens. In that position, he issued thousands of arrest warrants and ordered the torture of detainees. He also issued death decrees for prisoners who were killed under torture.

3- Mohseni Ezhei has issued death decrees for the murder of several dissident intellectuals and writers. Newspapers in Iran revealed that Pirouz Davani, a writer ,was abducted and killed by Intelligence Ministry agents on a secret decree issued by Mohseni.

REMARKS:

Several former personnel of the Ministry of Intelligence are ready to give eyewitness testimony about Mohseni Ezhei's crimes against humanity in any trial.

First Name: Ali
Last Name: Younessi

POSITION IN 1988:
First deputy to the Judicial Organization of the Armed Forces, religious judge

CURRENT POSITION:

Special Assistant to the President on Religious and Religious Minorities   in the Hossein Rouhani’s first term

Minister of Intelligence since 1999

OTHER POSITIONS:

Minister of Intelligence

Religious Judge of Qom
Chief of Tehran Revolutionary Court
Chief of the Army Revolutionary Court, religious judge of the armed forces
Khomeini's representative for rebuilding the Army Counter-intelligence Organization
General Prosecutor of Tehran

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:

1- As the religious judge, he was directly involved in the prosecution and execution of political prisoners

2- In his position as chief of the 2nd Branch of the Revolutionary Court and a religious judge, he had an active role in the arrest of dissident servicemen, ordering the execution of many of them.

3- In 1986, he was Khomeini's representative for rebuilding the Army's Counterintelligence Organization and in 1988, he was the representative of the Acting Commander of Chief for intelligence and security issues. In this position, he for the second time proceeded to purge the military personnel and to arrest and execute dissident servicemen.

4- From 1988 to 1993, he was Tehran's General Prosecutor. In this capacity, he was personally responsible for the execution of many prisoners.

5- From 1993 until 1999, he was Chief of the Armed Forces' Judicial Organization .In this position, he issued death sentences for several hundred servicemen opposing the regime and supporting the Mojahedin


Name: Mohammad
Family Name: Mohammadi Rayshahri

POSITION IN 1988:
Minister of Intelligence

CURRENT POSITION:
Representative of Supreme Leader Khamenei

OTHER POSITIONS:
Judge of the Special Court for the Clergy; judge in the Revolutionary Tribunal ;President of the Military Tribunals; founder of the Ministry of Intelligence.

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN 1988:

1- Appointment of the death committees, each consisting of three members, in Tehran and the provinces. These committees interviewed all prisoners and decided who should be executed. Montazeri reveals that the committees were dominated by the Intelligence Ministry representatives, who insisted on the highest number of executions.

2- Rayshahri headed an oversight committee in Evin Prison. On the first day of the massacre, this committee drew up details for the execution of more than 10,000 political prisoners in Tehran on Khomeini's orders. Other members were Raissi, Nayyeri, Mortazavi, Mohseni-Ezhei, Mobasheri. and Pourmohammadi.

3- The arbitrary detention of thousands of former political prisoners and young supporters of the Mojahedin and the re-arrest of thousands of released political prisoners. His ministry organized the execution by firing squads of these victims along with political prisoners.

OTHER CHARGES:

1- Ordering the execution of dozens of people during the years 1979 through 1981 as a roving Revolutionary Judge in Gachsaran, Dezful, Behbahan, Khorramabad and Borujerd.

2- Purges" of thousands of dissident military personnel as chief judge and prosecutor of Military Tribunals from 1980 through 1984. He personally ordered the execution of several hundred servicemen during this period.

3- Detention of many dissident clergymen and the execution of several of them.

4- As the founder of the Intelligence Ministry, he was responsible for institutionalizing torture, kidnapping, murder, sexual assault on women detainees and an endless list of crimes committed by the Intelligence Ministry agents under his command.

REMARKS:

Several former personnel of the Ministry of Intelligence and Evin Prison are ready to give eyewitness testimony about Rayshahri's crimes against humanity in any trial.

For more information, see the following site

http://www.iranhumanity.com/

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