Since the Constitutional Revolution of 1906, a new era of social and political life begun for the Iranian people. For 120 years, the Iranian nation, with all its ethnic and religious diversity, has relentlessly pursued the cause of freedom and democracy at the cost of her very best children. While this struggle has had many ups and downs, it has constantly evolved the people’s awareness, knowledge and methods of fighting.
The Oil Nationalizing movement in 1950s, led by Dr. Mohammad Mosadeq, continued and deepened the Constitutional Revolution and the long-lasting struggle for freedom of the Iranian people, and despite the August 1, 1953 Coup-d’état, and the bloody massacre of the June 5, 1952, which was called the “burial of reformism,” this struggle entered a new era.
The leading political groups that were established in the 1960s aimed at overthrowing the Shah’s regime. Meanwhile, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (Mojahedin-e-Khalq, MEK) movement was a continuation of the Iranian National Movement led by Dr. Mosadeq.
The revolutionary founders of People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (Mojahedin-e-Khalq, MEK) had already begun their political activity in 1965 as the members of the youth branch of the National Liberation Movement.
The People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (Mojahedin-e-Khalq, MEK) was founded by Mohammad Hanifnejad, Saeid Mohsen and Ali Asghar Badiezadegan as a revolutionary, national and democratic Muslim organization. The organization is a historical continuation of the Iranian people’s 120 years of struggle for freedom.
The Mojahedin-e-Khalq (MEK) has passed important milestones over the past decades under the leadership of Massoud Rajavi. But after Khomeini’s hijacking the 1979 revolution, an important part of the MEK’s history and its struggle for freedom and democracy is the fight against the mullahs’ regime. In this forty-year battle, more than 120,000 MEK members and supporters have laid down their lives for the freedom for the Iranian people.